Reinterpretasi Makna Nafkah dalam Bingkai Islam Nusantara

Ahmad Rajafi, Ahmad Rajafi

Abstract


The controversy about the concept of nafkah in Islam seems never ending, especially the strengthened of Islamic trans-national understanding in society which emphasizes the importance of Qur'an but with the scriptualistic model and denying other elements that can be formulated as a means to reinterpret verses of God, such as the verse of nafkah living that is used as a justification of men's power over the women. So that, examine the harmony of revelation and local culture in the context of the verse about nafkah with the approach of Islamic Nusantara is important to be explained in order to be create a responsive understanding and shalih li kulli zamân wa makân. The direction of that reinterpretation formulates the concept of economic agreement in a family, where the reading of the verse must be related to the early history of Islam which treats women in a minor but with positive progress toward the major treatment, so that women (wives) who were previously prohibited in earning of nafkah could be transformed to participate in constructing the economic family or even as the main provider of nafkah in a family.

Keywords


Revelation, Local Cultture, Nafkah and Islam Nusantara

References


al-Anshârî, Zakariyyâ., Fath al-Wahhâb, Beirût: Dâr al-Kutub al-'Ilmiyyah, 1418 H

al-Damsiqî, Abû al-Fidâ' Ismâ'îl bin Umar bin Katsîr al-Qurasyî., Tafsîr al-Qur'ân al-'Azhîm, Damaskus: Dâr Thayyibah, 1999

al-Hashfakî, al-Dur al-Mukhtâr, Beirût: Dâr al-Fikr, 1386 H

al-Jazirî, Abd ar-Rahmân., al-Fiqh 'alâ al-Madzâhib al-'Arba'ah, Beirût: Dâr al-Fikr, 1996

al-Nisâbûrî, Abû al-Husein Muslim bin al-Hajjâj bin Muslim al-Qusyairî., al-Jâmi' al-Shahîh al-Musammâ Shahîh Muslim, Beirût: Dâr al-Afâq al-Jadîdah, t.t.

al-Qurthûbî, Abû Abdillâh Muhammad bin Ahmad al-Anshârî., al-Jâmi' li Ahkâm al-Qur'ân, Kairo: Dâr al-Hadîts, 2002

al-Râfi'î, Sâlim bin Abd al-Ghanî., Ahkâm al-Ahwâl al-Syakhshiyyah li al-Muslimîn fi al-Gharb, Beirût: Dâr Ibn Hazm, 2002

al-Sa'dî, Abd ar-Rahmân bin Nâshir., Taisîr al-Karîm al-Rahmân fi Tafsîr Kalâm al-Mannân, Alih Bahasa oleh Muhammad Iqbal, at al., Tafsir Al-Qur'an Surat An-Nisâ' – Al-An'am, cet. 6, Jakarta: Darul Haq, 2015

al-Zuhailî, Wahbah., al-Fiqh al-Islâmî wa Adillatuh, Suriah: Dâr al-Fikr, 2002

Bahri, Syamsul., "Konsep Nafkah dalam Hukum Islam", Kanun Jurnal Ilmu Hukum, 66 & 18, 2015

Dimyathî, Abû Bakr bin Sayyid Muhammad Syathâ., I'ânah al-Thâlibîn, Beirût: Dâr al-Fikr, t.t.

Engineer, Asghar Ali., The Rights of Women in Islam, London: C. Hurst & co., 1992

Haqqî, Ismâ'îl., Tafsir Rûh al-Bayân, Beirût: Dâr Ihyâ' at-Turâts al-'Arabi, t.t.

Hazairin, Hukum Kewarisan Bilateral Menurut Al Quran dan Hadits, Jakarta: Tintamas, 1990

Hosen, Ibrahim., Fiqh Perbandingan Masalah Pernikahan Jilid 1, Jakarta: Pustaka Firdaus, 2003

Hudaya, Hairul., "Hak Nafkah Isteri (Perspektif Hadis dan Kompilasi Hukum Islam)", Mu'adalah Jurnal Studi Gender dan Anak, 1 & 1, 2013

Kamrava, Mehran, (ed.), The New Voices of Islam: Rethinking Politics and Modernity, Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 2006

Khalâf, Abd al-Wahâb., Ahkâm al-Ahwâl al-Syakhshiyyah fî al-Syarî'ah al-Islâmiyyah, cet. 2, Kuwait: Dâr al-Qalam, 1990

Latief, Hilman., Nasr Hamid Abu Zaid: Kritik Teks Keagamaan, Yogyakarta: eLSAQ Press, 2003

Ma'luf al-Yasu'i, Louis., al-Munjid, Beirut: al-Syirkiyah, 1986

Muhammad, Abû al-Qâsim al-Husain bin., al-Mufradat fi Gharîb al-Qur'an, Beirut: Dar al-Fikr, t.th.

Muhammad, Husein., Ijtihad Kyai Husein: Upaya Membangun Keadilan Gender, Jakarta: Rahima, 2011

Munawwir, Ahmad Warson., Al-Munawwir Kamus Arab-Indonesia, Yogyakarta: Pondok Pesantren Al-Munawwir, 1984

Nasution, Khoiruddin., Islam Tentang Relasi Suami dan Istri (Hukum Perkawinan I) Dilengkapi Perbandingan Undang-undang Negara Muslim, Yogyakarta: Tazzafa Academia, 2004

Nelli, Jumni., "Analisis Tentang Kewajiban Nafkah Keluarga dalam Pemberlakuan Harta Bersama", Al Istinbath: Jurnal Hukum Islam, 2 & 1, 2017

Nurmila, Nina., "Indonesian Muslim's Discourse of Husband-Wife Relationship", Al-Jami'ah: Journal of Islamic Studies, 51 & 1, 2013

Nurnazli, "Nafkah dalam Pendekatan Interdisipliner", Asas Jurnal Hukum dan Ekonomi Islam, 5 & 2, 2013

Pusat Bahasa, Kamus Bahasa Indonesia, Jakarta: Departemen Pendidikan Nasional, 2008

Rajafi, Ahmad., "Islam dan Kearifan Lokal: Pembaruan Hukum Keluarga di Indonesia Model Inkulturasi Wahyu dan Budaya Lokal", Akademika: Jurnal Pemikiran Islam, 21 & 1, 2016

---------, Inkulturasi Wahyu dan Budaya Lokal Serta Implikasinya Terhadap Pembaharuan Hukum Keluarga di Indonesia, Disertasi, Lampung: IAIN Raden Intan, 2015

---------, dan Yudistiawan, Rahmat., "Kewarisan Produktif: Meramu Makna Adil Melalui Waris Produktif", Al-Risalah: Forum Kajian Hukum dan Sosial Kemasyarakatan, 16 & 2, 2016

Rozali, Ibnu., "Konsep Memberi Nafkah Bagi Keluarga dalam Islam", Intelektualita, 6 & 2, 2017

Sâbiq, Sayyid., Fiqh al-Sunnah, Kairo: Dâr al-Fikr, 2002

Shihab, M. Quraish., Wawasan Al-Qur'an: Tafsir Maudhu'i atas Pelbagai Persoalan Umat, Bandung: Mizan, 1996

Subaidi, "Konsep Nafkah Menurut Hukum Perkawinan Islam", Isti'dal: Jurnal Studi Hukum Islam, 1 & 2, 2014

Syarifuddin, Amir., Pembaharuan Pemikiran Dalam Hukum Islam, Padang: Angkasa Raya, 1993

Syuhada, "Analisis Tentang Konsekuensi Harta Bersama Terhadap Kewajiban Suami Memberi Nafkah dalam KHI", Tafaqquh, 1 & 1, 2013

Zaîd, Nasr Hâmid Abû., at-Tafkîr fî Zamân at-Takfîr: Dhid al-Jahl wa az-Zaif wa al-Khurafât, cet. 2, Kairo: Maktabah Madbûlî, 1995




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.19105/al-ihkam.v13i1.1548

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Published by :

The Islamic Law Researcher Association (APHI) collaboration with Faculty of Sharia IAIN Madura

View My Stats

Lisensi Creative Commons

Al-Ihkam: Jurnal Hukum  dan Pranata Sosial is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License




Flag Counter