Sistem Bretton Woods dalam Perspektif Maqasid Syariah: Studi Kebijakan Ekonomi Politik Internasional (1944-1971)

Ayif Fathurrahman

Abstract


This article try to explain Bretton Woods System in maqasid shariah perspective. In maqashid al-sharia's perspective, the instability of the global economy threatens the existence of al-kulliyât al-khams which must be protected. The Bretton Woods system is the right economic agreement to be established as a system that regulates the international economy (1944-1971). This article also try to explain that the International islamic political economy of is a necessity. Islam as a value, must be internalized in every decision and policy that concerns the lives of many people. International political economy is in a very strategic position to determine policies to achieve global stability and prosperity. The Bretton Woods system can be an "inspired system" that can be a consideration for formulating the direction and strategy of the International Islam political economy. In addition to the gold standard being one of the several Bretton Woods agreements and the stability of exchange rates with the implementation of fixed rate systems, the regularity of international trade and the amount of international funds to reconstruct development in war-affected countries is the highest cause of global economic growth in the history of the global economy.

[Artikel ini mencoba menjelaskan Sistem Bretton Woods dalam perspektif maqasid syariah. Dalam perspektif maqasid syariah, ketidakstabilan ekonomi global mengancam keberadaan al-kulliyat al-khams yang harus dilindungi. Sistem Bretton Woods salah satu dari kesepakatan ekonomi yang tepat untuk membangun sistem ekonomi internasional (1944-1971). Artikel ini juga mencoba menjelaskan bahwa ekonomi politik Islam Internasional adalah suatu keniscayaan. Islam sebagai value, harus terinternalisasi di dalam setiap decision dan policy yang menyangkut hajat hidup orang banyak. Ekonomi politik internasional menjadi posisi yang sangat strategis untuk menentukan kebijakan demi tercapainya stabilitas dan kemaslahatan global. Sistem Bretton Woods bisa menjadi sebuah “the inspired system” yang bisa menjadi pertimbangan untuk merumuskan arah dan strategi ekonomi politik Islam Internasional. Selain gold standard menjadi salah satu kesepakatan bretton woods dan stabilitas nilai tukar dengan diterapkannya fixed rate system, keteraturan perdagangan internasional dan banyaknya bantuan dana internasional untuk merekontruksi pembangunan di negara-negara korban perang menjadi penyebab lajunya pertumbuhan ekonomi global tertinggi sepanjang sejarah.]


Keywords


Bretton Woods; Maqasid; Ekonomi politik; Internasional.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.19105/iqtishadia.v6i2.2417

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