PEMAKNAAN TOLERANSI DAN KEBEBASAN BERAGAMA PERSPEKTIF TAFSIR BI AL-MA’TSUR (Studi terhadap Tafsir Jami’ al-Bayan fi Tafsir al-Quran, Tafsir al-Quran al-Adzim dan al-Durru Al-Mantsur fi Tafsir bi al-Ma’tsur)

Dina Mardiana

Abstract


The freedom of religion is one of most fundamental rights of human being. On the other side, religion seems to mean as a public rite that must be controlled so that it will not easy for anyone to move from a religion to another. This what the research reviewed by tracing tafseer bi al-ma’thour arranged by Thabari, Ibn Katheer and Jalaluddeen al-Suyuti who were interpreting verses about the freedom of religion. Tafseer bi al-ma’thour was selected as focus of the study since it was considered as more qualified tafseer than tafseer bi al-ra’yi Through this literature study, using content analysis method and comparative approach, it was concluded that tafseer bi al-ma’thour arranged by the three interpreters (mufassir) showed a tendency to be an inclusive theology. This was fully influenced by the figure of the Great Prophet PBUH, which set examples for his companions to accept the reality of the diversity of believes.


Keywords


Religion, Tafseer, Ma’thour

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تفسير الطبري - (ج 5 / ص 407)

تفسير ابن كثير - (ج 1 / ص 521

الدر المنثور - (ج 2 / ص 20)




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.19105/islamuna.v5i1.1775

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