The Struggle of Jihadist’s Ideology in Hikayah Wahabiyyah

Cahya Buana, Ahmadi Usman

Abstract


Hikayah Wahabiyyah was banned (2013) in Saudi Arabia because it was considered to undermine the honor of religion, institutions and state stability. Hikāyah Wahabiyyah describes the struggle of the ideology of a Wahabi who wants to escape from a total domination (herrschaft) that has eliminated the freedom and clarity of modern human thinking. This study aims to reveal the struggle of a Wahabi jihadist as reflected through internal elements of the Hikayah Wahabiyah. To uncover this ideological struggle, I use the ideological criticism approach to the intrinsic elements of the novel. Based on the analysis results are summarized, that (1) the word “jihadis” in this novel is interpreted as a kinayah which has two meanings, haqiqi and majazi (real and figurative). The meaning of haqīqi is those who strive in jihad through the path of war, while the meaning of the majazi is those who strive to maintain their ideological beliefs. (2) the intrinsic elements of literature built by the author in general illustrate the ideological struggle of a mutadayyin (follower of the Wahhabi ideology) who turns into a muntakis (someone who escapes from Wahabi ideology).

Keywords


Hikayah Wahabiyyah; ideologi; jihadis; tadayyun; intikas

Full Text:

PDF

References


‘Ayyash, Uhaimidah. Tajalliyat al-Dalalah al-Idiyulujiyyah fi al-Riwayah wa ‘Unf al-Fadha’. Al-Jazair: Majallah al-Makhbar, Universitas al-Baskara, 2013.

al-‘Alim, Mahmud Amin. Al-Tsaqafah wa al-Tsaurah. Kairo: Al-Hay-ah al-‘Ammah li Qushur al-Tsaqafah, 2010.

al-‘Ammuri, Al-Sa’id. Al-Kitabah wa al-Tasykil al-Idiyulujiya fi al-Riwāyah al-‘Arabiyyah al-Mu’ashirah. Aljazair: Universitas al-Haj el-Khedhr, 2013.

al-Asymawi, Muhammad Zaki. Qadhaya al-Naqd al-Adabi. Kairo: Dar al-Nahdhah al-‘Arabiyah, 1979.

al-Audah, Salman. As-ilah al-Tsaurah. Beirut: Markaz Nama, 2012.

al-Dakhil, Turki. Salman al-‘Audah; Min al-Sijn ila al-Tanwir. Beirut: Madarik, 2011.

al-Fasi, ‘Ilal. al-Naqd al-Dzati. Kairo: al-Mathba’ah al-‘Alamiyah, 1952.

al-Hasyimi, Ahmad. Jawahir al-Balaghah fi al-Ma’ani, al-Bayan, wa al-Badi’. Indonesia: Maktabah Dar Ihya al-Kutub al-Arabiyyah, 1960.

al-Hasyimi, Muhammad ‘Adil. Fi al-Adab al-Islami; Tajarib wa Mawaqif. Damaskus Beirut: Dar al-Qalam – Dar al-Manarah juz 1, 1987.

Al-Mofleh, Abdullah. Hikayat Wahabiyah. Beirut: Al-Markaz al-Tsaqafi al-‘Arabi, 2013.

al-Salman, Muhammad ibn Abdillah ibn Sulaiman. Da’wah al-Syaikh Muhammad Ibn Abd al-Wahhab wa Atsaruha fi al-Alam al-Islami. Arab Saudi: Wuzarah al-Syu’un wa al-Awqaf wa al-Da’wah wa al-Irsyad, 1422 H.

al-Syi’wairy, Muhammad Sa’d. Taṣḥiḥ Khaṭa Tarikhi Hawla al-Wahhabiyyah. al-Mamlakah al-Arabiyyah al-Su’udiyyah: al-Jami’ah al-Islamiyyah, 1319H.

al-Wahab, Muhammad Ibn Abd. Kitab al-Kaba’ir. Kairo: Maktabah Ibnu Taimiyyah, 2010.

Aswar, Hasbi. “Politik Luar Negeri Arab Saudi dan Ajaran Salafi-Wahabi di Indonesia.” Jisiera: The Journal of Islamic Studies and International Relations 1 (2016): 15-30.

Ayyub, Muhammad. al-Syakhshiyyah fi al-Riwayat al-Filasthiniiyah al-Mu’ashirah. 1996.

Dellinger, Susan E. Al-Tawashul Ragm Ikhtilafatina. Riyadh: Maktabah Jabir, 2015.

Eco, Umberto. Al-Simiyaiyyah wa Falsafah al-Lughah, trans.: Ahmad al-Sham’i, cet. 1, Beirut: Al-Munazhzhamah al-‘Arabiyyah li al-Tarjamah, 2015.

Endaswara, Suwardi. Metode Penelitian Sastra. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Widyatama, 2004.

Esten, Mursal. Kesusastraan: Pengantar Teori & Sejarah. Bandung: Angkasa, 2000.

Fadhel, Shalah. Ilm al-Uslub; Mabadiuh wa Ijraatuh. Kairo: Muassasah al-Mukhtar, 1992.

Fadhel, Shalah. Manahij al-Naqd al-Mu’ashir wa Mushthalahatuh. Kairo: Merit, 2002.

Hall, Edward T. al-Lughah al-Shamitah (The Silent Language). trans.: Lamis Fuad al-Yahya. Amman, 2007.

Hamid, Sha’ib Abdul. al-Wahabiyyah fi Shuratiha al-Haqiqiyyah. Beirut: al-Ghadir, 1415 H.

Hardiman, F. Budi. Kritik Ideologi. Yogyakarta: Kanisius, 2009.

Hasan, Anis Zaky. Fyodor Dostoyevsky al-Insan al-Sharshar aw rasa’il min a’maaq al-Ard. Beirut: Dar al-Ilm al-Malayin, 1959.

Marini, Eko. Analisis Stilistika Novel Laskar Pelangi Karya Andrea Hirata. Surakarta: Pasca Sarjana Universitas Sebelas Maret, 2010.

Minderop, Albertine. Metode Karakterisasi Telaah Fiksi. Jakarta: Yayasan Obor Indonesia, 2005.

Reboul, Ann. and Jaque Moeschlher. Al-Tadawuliyah al-Yaum; ‘Ilm Jadid fi al-Tawashul. trans: Muhammad al-Syaibani, al-Munazhzhamah al-‘Arabiyyah li al-Tarjamah, 2003.

Habasy, Iskandar. Hikayah al-Hikayat; Qira-at fi Riwayat Muashirah. Beirut: Dar al-Adab, 2009.

al-Alwani, Thaha Jabir. Adab al-Ikhtilaf di al-Islam. Herndon Virginia: Al-Mahad al-Alami li al-Fikr al-Islami, 1981

Keraf, Gorys. Diksi dan Gaya Bahasa. Jakarta: Gramedia Pustaka Utama, 2002.

Lecercle, Jean Jaques. ‘Unf al-Lughah. trans. Muhammad Badawi. Beirut: Al-Dar al-‘Arabiyyah li al-‘Ulum - Al-Markaz al-Tsaqafi al-‘Arabi, 2005.

Mandur, Muhammad, Al-Naqd al-Manhaji ‘inda al-‘Arab wa Manhaj al-Bahts fi al-Adab wa al-Lughah. Kairo: Nahdhah Mishr, 1996.

Mandur, Muhammad. Al-Naqd al-Manhaji ‘inda al-‘Arab wa Manhaj al-Bahts fi al-Adab wa al-Lughah. Kairo: Nahdhah Mishr, 1996.

Minderop, Albertine. Metode Karakterisasi Telaah Fiksi. Jakarta: Yayasan Obor Indonesia, 2005.

Nasution, Harun. Islam Ditinjau dari Berbagai Aspeknya jilid 2. Jakarta: UI-Press, 1985.

Nurgiyantoro, Burhan. Teori Pengkajian Fiksi. Yogyakarta: UGM Press, 2010.

Fadhel, Shalah. Manahij al-Naqd al-Mu’ashir wa Mushthalahatuh. Kairo: Merit, 2002.

Susanto, Dwi. Kamus Istilah Sastra. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar, 2015

Tim Penyusun. Ensiklopedi Sastra Indonesia. Bandung: Titian Ilmu, 2009.

Umar, Ahmad Mukhtar. Mu’jam al-Lughah al-Arabiyyah al-Mu’ashiroh. Kairo: ‘Alam al-Kutub, 2008.

Ya’qub, Emil Badi’. Fiqh al-Lughah al-Arabiyah wa khashaishuha. Beirut: Dar al-tsaqafah al-Islamiyyah, 1998.

Colquhoun, Alan. Criticism And Self-Criticism in German Modernism AA Files, No. 28 (Autumn), 1994.

Haryanti, Pitri, Analisis Unsur Intrinsik Novel Hachiko Monogatari Karya Kaneto Shindo. Acecssed August 15, 2016. http://jurnal.unikom.ac.id/_s/data/jurnal/v10-01/10-miu-10-01-pitri.pdf/

Kusmarwanti. Alur dalam Fiksi, Bahan Mata Kuliah Kajian Fiksi, August 18, 2012.

Mangasing, Mansur. “Muhammad Ibn ‘Abd Al-Wahhâb dan Gerakan Wahabi.” Hunafa: Jurnal Studia Islamika 5, no.3 (2008).

Rasheed, Madawi. Contesting the Saudi State: Islamic Voices from a New Generation. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2007.

Roberts, Tyler. “Rhetorics of Ideology and Criticism in the Study of Religion.” The Journal of Religion 85, 3 (July 2005).

Suwandi, Hasan. And Azadah Karem. Ru’yah ila al-Anashir al-Rawa’iyah. Accessed October 15, 2016. http://cls.iranjournals. ir/article.pdf.

Masyithah, Siti. Taghayyur al-Ma’na (Min Mabahits ilm al-Dilalah). Accessed October 16, 2016. http://download.portalgaruda. org/article.

al-Utsaimiyyin, Abdullah al-Shalih. Al-Syaikh Muhammad Ibn Abdul Wahhab Hayatuhu wa Fikruhu. Riyadh: Darul Ulum, 1993




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.19105/karsa.v27i1.2271

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Office:
Institut Agama Islam Negeri Madura
Jl. Raya Panglegur km. 4 Pamekasan, Jawa Timur, Indonesia. Phone: (0324) 333187 Cellphone: +6285231042871   e-mail : jurnalkarsa@gmail.com


View My Stats

KARSA: Journal of Social and Islamic Culture [KARSA: Jurnal Sosial dan Budaya Keislaman]

Institut Agama Islam Negeri Madura

KARSA is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

Indexed by:


Read more indexing


Copyright© KARSA: Journal of Social and Islamic Culture (Print ISSN 2442-3289 ; Online ISSN 2442-4285).