The Importance of The Ijoza System in The Process of Teaching and Education by Mahmud Zamakhshari

Akhter Muhammad Rahim


This article is based in one of the scientific legacies by Mahmud Zamakhshari on the work on spiritual education and morality "Atvaq uz-zahab fil-mawo'iz val-khutab" ("Golden Necklaces of teachings and exhortations") and the transmission of knowledge, the exhortation to know its documents and evidence. Az-Zamahshari's request for knowledge refers to his travels to Bukhara, Khorasan, Damascus, Iraq, and the Hijaz, where he received permission from his teachers for various books and sciences, as well as the permission given by the scholar to many of his students. At the same time, a sample of Zamakhshari's authorized letters (letters ijaza) is given. At the end of our article, we will focus on some important and necessary golden advices in the spiritual education of students from the work of the great scholar Mahmud Zamakhshari "Atvaq uz-zahab fil-mawaiz val-khutab".


Full Text:



Central Asian scolars. Tashkent Islamic University, Tashkent.: «new edition», 2011

D.Fozil Salih Samroiy. "Zamakhshari's grammatical and lexical views", Baghdad.: "Matbaatul Irshod", 1971. 420 p.

Islamov Z.M. «The work“ Golden Necklaces ”and its influence on the development of literature of the peoples of the East» “Sotsiosfera” № 2, 2014.

Juraev O. Mahmud Zamahshari, Tashkent.: “Tafakkur”, 2010.-56p.

Mirza Yusufhon ibn Iytisomul-malik. “Qaloidul adab fi sharhi atvoq uz-zahab”, Cairo: “Maktabutul Azhariya lit-Turos”. 1314h., 154p.

Mu'jamul udabo, Volume 1,15,20.

Sulaymonova N.A. Mahmud az-Zamahshariyning «Atvoq-uz-zahab» asari // (TDSHI). – Tashkent, 2005.

Zamahshari. “Atvoq uz-zahab fil-mavoiyz val-hutab”, Ahmad Abdut-Tavvob Avaz, Cairo: “Dorul fazilat”, 1994. 202p.

Zamakhshar’s rosary or 101 poems (based on Atvoqu-z-zahab) / Fozil Zahid. The author of the translation is R.Zahid. - Tashkent.: Muharrir Publishing House, 2011. 144p.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Editor Office:
State Islamic Institute of Madura
Jl. Raya Panglegur km. 04 Pamekasan East Java. Phone. (0324)333187 fax 322551

Contact Person:
Jamiludin Usman
Call/SMS/WA: 085336521427

E-mail :

Map : -7.197888, 113.473839

View My Stats

Creative Commons License
TADRIS under licensed Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License

Flag Counter

Indexed By:


Read More Indexing

Tadris Jurnal Pendidikan Islam (Print ISSN 1907-672X; Online ISSN 2442-5494 DOI: